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eISSN: 2582-0427

RESPONSIBLE FACTORS BEHIND TRIBAL PRIMARY EDUCATION-A STUDY IN BAMONGOLA AND HABIBPUR BLOCK OF MALDA DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL

Abstract: In 45th Article of the Indian constitution it has been stated that every child of India between age group of 6-14 years will get free and compulsory education. We got our freedom about 70 years ago, but it is our common experience that we could not reach even this marginal level of education. Although some of the castes and religions have almost achieved this marginal level of education, but the tribal castes are far behind from this level. In many researches it has been found that some factors are responsible or causes behind the slow progress of education in tribal groups. In this paper the researcher has tried to find out the responsible factors or causes behind tribal education in Bamongola and Habippur blocks of Malda district. For this purpose a non-standardised tool for data collection was made. Data have been collected on the basis of objectives. After analyzing the data it has been found that superstition, economic condition and illiteracy are main reasons responsible for non-achievement of this level in their education.

Keywords: Constitution, Marginal level of education, Tribal group, Compulsory education, Superstition, and Illiteracy

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