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eISSN 2582-0427 ||https://doi.org/10.37948/ensemble || Crossref Member || UGC-CARE Enlisted

THE COLLAPSE OF KHAKSAR ORGANIZATION: A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE DISPELLING OF A POTENTIAL MOVEMENT IN BENGAL

Abstract:
The development of Muslim politics in Bengal was somewhat different from the upper Indian Muslim politics because of the strongly agrarian connection of the Bengali Muslim masses. The zamindars and moneylenders happened to be Hindu. As a result of the first half of the twentieth century, the peasant revolt against the zamindars for the protection of their tenurial rights took somewhat communal character. In the urban area, the Muslim educated middle classes were latecomers in the job sectors, and naturally, they have to face stiff competition to find their foothold. In this situation, by the 1930s it became open for any Muslim party to mobilize the Muslim masses in their favour providing that it would safeguard their interests. In light of this changes, this present study will try to find out what were the ideology and programmes of the Khaksar movement and why did it fail to capitulate the existing situation in Bengal and make a stronghold in Bengal.

Keywords: Divide and Rule Policy, Simla Deputation, Morley Minto Reform Act, Bengal Pact, Pakistan Movement

https://doi.org/10.37948/ensemble-2020-0201-a015

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